crystoleums (photographs)

kristoleumid (estonian)

Getty AAT concepts - photography and photomechanical printing

Published
Status

URI
http://dev.kulturnav.org/5e0d984d-5af4-4926-a287-73030c960c0f | RDF/XML | JSON-LD
Label
crystoleums (photographs)
English

kristoleumid
Estonian

Alternative label
chromo-crystal
English

chromo-photographs
English

crystal ivorytypes
English

crystoleum (photograph)
English

kartaline
English

photo-chromes
English

Scope note
Distinctive photographs made from a hand-colored positive image process used from the 1880s through 1910, intended to give the appearance of painting on glass. An albumen paper print is adhered to a curved piece of glass and sanded from the back to the emulsion layer. A layer of oil is applied to render it translucent, and detailed color is applied to the back. When dry, a second layer of curved glass is added, and painted with broad fields of color. A layer of white material was applied behind this, and everything bound together. The glass, solutions, and adhesives were available commercially until World War I. The process was based on 18th-century hand-colored engravings known as mezzotint paintings.
English

Eripärased fotod, mida tehti 1880. aastatest kuni 1910. aastasteni. Käsitsi värvitud positiiviid. Eesmärk oli luua näilikkus klaasil olevast maalist. Kumerale klaasile kinnitatakse albumiinpaberil foto ja lihvitakse tagantpoolt emulsioonikihi külge. Kantakse peale õlikiht, et muuta see läbipaistvaks, ja tagaküljele lisatakse detailsed värvid. Kui see on kuivanud, lisatakse teine kumer klaas ja kaetakse rohkete värvidega. Selle taha asetatakse valge materjali kiht ja kõik liidetakse kokku. Klaas, lahused ja liimid olid poodides kättesaadavad kuni Esimese maailmasõjani. Protsess põhines 18. sajandi käsitsi maalitud gravüüridel, mida tuntakse metsotintona.
Estonian

Broader concept
English
          Visual Works (hierarchy name)
English
               visual works (works)
English
                    <visual works by material or technique>
English
                         photographs
English
                              <photographs by technique>
English
                                   <photographs by processing or presentation technique>
English

Reference
Peeter Linnap. Maailma fotograafia ajalugu. Silmakirjad 7. Tartu: Tartu Kõrgem Kunstikool, 2013. Lk 377
Estonian

Editorial note
Imported from http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300266377 February 27, 2019 5:02:31 PM CET
English

Importert fra http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300266377 27.02.2019 17:02:31
Norwegian bokmål

Importerad från http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300266377 2019-02-27 17:02:31
Swedish